The Capital Regional District, which includes additional rural areas, has a total population of 345,164. The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique, operates one Francophone school in the Victoria area: école Victor-Brodeur in Esquimalt.  The central fortress-like tower design is derived from medieval chateaus found throughout France's Loire Valley. VII (April 1943), p. 88. Royal Roads University is in Colwood. Downtown Victoria also serves as Greater Victoria's regional downtown, where many night clubs, theatres, restaurants and pubs are clustered, and where many regional public events occur. Robert Dunsmuir, a leading industrialist whose interests included coal mines and a railway on Vancouver Island, constructed Craigdarroch Castle in the Rockland area, near the official residence of the province's Lieutenant Governor. The Belfry's mandate is to produce contemporary plays with an emphasis on new Canadian plays. Its mandate is to support the island's military community by performing at military dinners, parades and ceremonies, and other events. Since 1985, it has been run by the Capital Regional District environmental services. Camosun College has two campuses, both of which are in Saanich. The Fairmont Le Château Frontenac, formerly and commonly referred to as the Château Frontenac, is a historic hotel in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.The hotel is situated in Old Quebec, within the historic district's Upper Town.The Château Frontenac was designed by Bruce Price, and was built by the Canadian Pacific Railway company. In addition, the heart of downtown also has the Maritime Museum of British Columbia, Emily Carr House, Victoria Bug Zoo, and Market Square. Opened in 1893, the ChÃ¢teauesque-styled building has 18 floors; its 79.9-metre (262-foot) height is augmented by the 54 m (177 ft) elevation it sits at. Due to the rain shadow effect of the nearby Olympic Mountains, Victoria is the driest location on the British Columbia coast and one of the driest in the region.  By population, Greater Victoria is the 15th largest metropolitan area in Canada. Regional average precipitation amounts range from as low as 406 mm (16.0 in) on the north shore of the Olympic Peninsula to 3,505 mm (138.0 in) in Port Renfrew just 80 km (50 mi) away on the more exposed southwest coast of Vancouver Island. W. Kaye Lamb, "The Founding of Fort Victoria," B.C Historical Quarterly, Vol. Pacific Opera Victoria, Victoria Operatic Society, Victoria Philharmonic Choir, Canadian Pacific Ballet and Ballet Victoria stage two or three productions each year at the Macpherson or Royal Theatres. An Interview with Todd Litman. Other Victoria writers include Kit Pearson, Esi Edugyan, Robert Wiersema, W. D. Valgardson, Elizabeth Louisa Moresby, Madeline Sonik, Jack Hodgins, Dave Duncan, Bill Gaston, David Gurr, Ken Steacy, Sheryl McFarlane, Carol Shields and Patrick Lane. The oldest (and most intact) Chinatown in Canada is within downtown. geog.Uvic.ca, List of electoral districts in Greater Victoria, 2005 Ford World Men's Curling Championship, Victoria is used as a filming location for many films, 2019 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships, 2020 FIBA Men's Olympic Qualifying Tournaments, three games to one in a best-of-five final, Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique, List of historic places in Victoria, British Columbia, "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address", "B.C. , During the winter, the average daily high and low temperatures are 8 and 4 °C (46.4 and 39.2 °F), respectively. His son James Dunsmuir became Premier and subsequently Lieutenant Governor of the province and built his own grand residence at Hatley Park (used for several decades as Royal Roads Military College, now civilian Royal Roads University) in the present City of Colwood. The Art Gallery of Greater Victoria is close to downtown in the Rockland neighbourhood several city blocks from Craigdarroch Castle built by industrialist Robert Dunsmuir and Government House, the official residence of the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia. Price's plan called for a horseshoe-shaped hotel, made up of four wings of unequal length, connected at obtuse angles. Every few decades Victoria receives very large snowfalls including the record breaking 100 cm (39.4 in) of snow that fell in December 1996.  The hotel was named after Louis de Buade, Count of Frontenac, who was the Governor General of New France from 1672 to 1682, and again from 1689 to 1698. Passenger rail service previously operated by Via Rail provided a single daily return trip along between Victoria – Courtenay, along the eastern coast of Vancouver Island, to the cities of Nanaimo, Courtenay, and points between. , The Saanich Peninsula wastewater treatment plant serves North Saanich, Central Saanich and the Town of Sidney as well as the Victoria International Airport, the Institute of Ocean Sciences and the Tseycum and Pauquachin First Nations communities. Many whale watching tour companies operate from this harbour due to the whales often present near its coast. Current Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Nick Pivetta was born in Victoria and played summer collegiate baseball for the Victoria HarbourCats. The Cougars were reincarnated in 1971 as a major junior hockey team in the Western Hockey League, before they moved to Prince George to become the Prince George Cougars.  Eight executive suites were renovated into specialty "themed rooms".  The hotel also draws certain elements from Victorian style of architecture, with rich polychromatic surfaces throughout its exterior. Some of these films include X2, X-Men: The Last Stand, In the Land of Women, White Chicks, Scary Movie, Final Destination, Excess Baggage and Bird on a Wire. Actor, artist, and athlete Duncan Regehr of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine was raised in the region. The honey is harvested three times a year and is used by the hotel's restaurants. The hotel's rooftop apiary also operates a pollinator hotel. Climate data for Victoria was recorded at Gonzales Heights from August 1898 to present. Victoria's soils are relatively unleached and less acidic than soils elsewhere on the British Columbia Coast. Their thick dark topsoils denoted a high level of fertility which made them valuable for farming until urbanization.   Retirees throughout Canada are drawn to Victoria's climate, scenery, year-round golf season, and pace of life.  Shortly after acquiring the hotel, IvanhoÃ© Cambridge announced an investment of $9 million for the restoration of the building's masonry work, and to replacement of the building's copper roofs.  The hotel was again expanded in 1993, with the addition of a new wing.. Due to Victoria's mild year round weather with mostly rainy winters, commuting by bicycle is practical year-round compared to other Canadian cities. There are three major shopping malls in the City of Victoria, including the Bay Centre, Hillside Shopping Centre, and Mayfair Shopping Centre. Renovations in the 1990s was led by the Arcop, an architectural firm based in Montreal.  The CRD's new wastewater treatment facility at McLoughlin Point is scheduled to open in late 2020, at a cost of $800 million, following the passage of federal regulations that forbid untreated discharge. 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