EMPIRE is a beautiful grass but in the really shaded areas, it is thinner than the areas that get much sunlight. Knowing which types of diseases these two grasses are more susceptible to will really help in preventing and treating any future outbreaks that may occur. Zoysias tend to perform best in soils with a pH between 5.8–7.0. Not thin-bladed like Bermuda . They are living products, so they require nourishment just as we do. And it’s got some shade … Fescue vs. Zoysia Fescue or Zoysia Comparison Zoysia vs Fescue. St. Aug in Front Yard and Zoysia in Back. All three of these grasses are available from regional sod farms and the visual differences of these choices are great. Pictured above from left to right: Zorro, El Toro, Palisades and Meyer Zoysia. We are open! If you’re looking at all of ’em in a chart, the St. Augustine, the Zoysias are going to have better wear tolerance. Although in ideal conditions, Zoysia can fully grow and cover the lawn in one year, but more often than not, it would take 2 to 3 years for its full growth and coverage. ft. sold, Palmetto is the most purchased patented turfgrass in the world. This helps you will have success with a wider variety of site and soil conditions. Zoysias and St. Augustines don’t only differ in color—they also differ in blade widths. It requires re-seeding 1-2 times per year. Houston Grass, All Rights Reserved. Find the right grass for your location and needs with our Sod Selector tool. It can be grown in Central and West Texas with more supplemental irrigation. Each cultivar of zoysia and St. Augustine performs differently as they were bred at different times with varying goals in mind. Learn warm season grass identification and grass care. Invest in your lawn with Lawnifi Liquid Fertilizer. St. Augustine is the most popular, Sandri says, because it tolerates shade well. shade). Although both grasses can encounter many different fungus outbreaks, the ones zoysias most frequently experience are brown spot, rust and leaf spot. When building a new lawn, be sure you choose the grass breed that fits your shade coverage, lawn care schedule, and … It is best adapted in Southeast Texas. Zoysia lawns are greyish-green in color with a fine texture while St. Augustine grass has a blue-green tint with a fairly coarse texture to its lawns. There are other zoysiagrass cultivar better adapted to shade and I … Palisades Zoysia is only about as shade tolerant as Raleigh St. Augustine grass. St. Augustine is most ideally suited for well drained, fertile soils but is easily adaptable to a range of soil profiles. Of the two turfgrasses, St. Augustine grass is cheaper and easier to establish and maintain while zoysia is a little costlier with a much more frequent maintenance schedule. They also recover better from dethatching and lower mowing heights. Zoysia grasses are as drought tolerant as Buffalo and Bermuda grasses. Downside is they do not have good wear resistance but recover much faster from damage. Most St. Augustines have a blade width of 8–9 mm, but superior St. Augustine varieties like CitraBlue have a blade width of 5–7 mm. The best you can do is mow the zoysia in the shade a little higher and feed it a little less to help it tolerate the shade it’s in. Specific zoysia and St. Augustine varieties may differ, but they generally fall pretty close to their generic mowing heights. Zoysias, in comparison, only have a moderate salt tolerance. This grass has a fine, soft texture and can be left unmown as it only grows to a height of 6–12 inches (15–30 cm). Hope this helps some. It shares the drought and shade resistance of the other varieties. Subscribe to our e-newsletter below if you haven’t done so already to receive the latest updates from Sod University. Finer-bladed zoysias, such as Innovation and Geo Zoysia, are more shade tolerant that the thicker-bladed zoysias like EMPIRE. Plug trays are the perfect and affordable way to fill in spots or test the performance of a grass in your lawn. Both zoysia and St. Augustine grasses are pretty shade tolerant compared to other turfgrass varieties. Homeowners who’ve had problems with these pests in the past may like EMPIRE or Innovation more for this reason. Bermuda grass of any type has zero shade tolerance. Take a look at some of our most popular insecticides below. Palisade zoysia is not as shade tolerant as St Augustine. Even the more desirable “turf type” Fescue is the heaviest maintenance lawn type for our area. This is more than just water and sunlight. For more information on the differing soil types, be sure to take a look at our Soil Management for Lawns and Gardens blog. Zoysia is able to handle shade better in hot, dry climates where fungus spores cannot spread easily. St. Augustine grass is generally regarded as one of the most shade-tolerant species of grass available to home owners, and grows healthily in shady areas that would be unsuitable for many other species of grass. Pictured above from left to right: Innovation Zoysia and CitraBlue St. Augustine. Pictured above from left to right: EMPIRE, Innovation, Geo Zoysia and Zeon. Once established, this dense turf tends to choke out weeds. It is the most shade-tolerant warm season grass, but it needs at least four to six hours of sun to thrive. Zoysia grass is drought and shade tolerant as well as slow growing. Zorro is the #1 rated zoysia grass in the NTEP trials. Both zoysia and St. Augustine grasses are pretty shade tolerant compared to other turfgrass varieties. St. Augustines, however, are more prone to pests like chinch bugs, white grub worms, sod webworms or fall armyworms that love to feed on the grass blades and roots. You can learn more about some of the most common of these in our Insect Identification blog. Different varieties grow at different speeds, so this isn’t always the case. It should be known that St. Augustines are the most shade tolerant warm season turfgrass varieties available. For either type of grass, it is a good idea to apply a systemic insecticide that is labeled to treat such insects preventatively before problems become out of hand. Zoysia grasses, in particular, are usually more prone to insects like billbugs. One shade-tolerant type known as Palisades, a type of zoysia japonica, performs well in shade and also offers good winter hardiness. The wider-bladed zoysias are considered “very good” with wear tolerance and injury recovery. Overall, zoysias are typically fine turfgrasses with a smooth feel. Drought tolerance is the ability to survive a drought. St. Augustines have a much thicker blade than zoysia grasses. You can learn more about some of the most popular of these in Popular Zoysia Varieties and Popular St. Augustine Grass Varieties. This is a small back yard, facing east, with a large fence and two large shade trees blocking early and mid morning sun. Get the perfect liquid fertilizer for your grass type. There are many different turfgrass varieties to choose from when it comes to installing sod in a new home lawn. Take a look at the list and images below to get a visual representation of what these grasses look like. Similarly to insects, both zoysia and St. Augustines, along with every other grass type, are prone to more diseases or fungus outbreaks than others. A: It is true that zoysia is more shade tolerant than bermudagrass – – but it needs at least four hours of direct sunshine or eight hours of very bright reflected light to thrive. Most of the grass in the shaded sections of the yard is dead, and so I was thinking of putting new sod in. Let me try to specify the light levels needed, in declining order, for the different turfgrasses. St. Augustine Floratam is considered native to areas like South Florida and adapts well to most soils. Zoysias and St. Augustines can be plagued by different insects, bugs and grubs including mole crickets, billbugs, armyworms, white grub worms, sod webworms, ants, grass spiders or spittlebugs. For example, Innovation should be mowed at a height of 1–2 inches whereas CitraBlue performs best at a mowing height of 2.5–3.5 inches. Of the types of grasses for Texas, St Augustine is a long time favorite. For example, EMPIRE® Zoysia has a dark green color whereas Palisades Zoysia has a much lighter green color. Highlander II Fescue Grass with Ryegrass Seed – 50 lbs. The landscape guy recommended Zoysia in the well shaded sections of the yard and said it is better shade tolerant than St. Augustine. Zoysia and St. Augustine can perform well in a wide range of soil types and climates, but there are soil types that they perform better in than others. Each product is labeled with application instructions to treat certain turfgrass diseases. While Zoysia grass is often marketed as being more drought tolerant than St. Augustine grass, Zoysia requires just as much water in terms of frequency and volume as St. Augustine to remain green and attractive. Zoysia requires more time so if you have a big yard, I would say forget it. Zoysia is far slower to grow and fill up the lawn compared to Bermuda grass. Emerald Zoysia (Zoysia 'Emerald') is a cultivar of Zoysia grass with a thin bladed leaf that forms a very lush lawn. As previously stated, this blog discusses zoysia and St. Augustine comparisons from a generic perspective. They will then return to color shortly after resuming a regular watering schedule. I have both. A Comparison of Zoysia Seed Vs. Zenith Zoysia Seed. There are less choices for weed control than with Zoysia, but St. Augustine is more tolerant of our clay based acidic soils. Although both zoysia grasses and St. Augustines require about one inch of water per week including rainfall, zoysia grass varieties have the ability to survive during a period of drought. Just amount of vegetation per square inch is so high versus the St. Augustine, it’s going to wear down a lot slower. Zoysia grasses are usually mowed at a height of .5–2 inches whereas St. Augustines are generally mowed at a height of 2–4 inches. This makes Palisades ideal for shady lawns in the northern portions of the growing range for zoysia. I have St. Augustine grass in my backyard. All zoysias spread via rhizomes and stolons. At Sod Solutions, one of our top grasses for shaded areas is Palmetto® St. Augustine. SA will require more fertilizer and water, but less frequent mowing and a rotary mower can be used on any variety. Pictured above: A St. Augustine stolon growing across the surface of the soil above ground. It does not perform as well in shaded areas. They are usually a blend of several hybrids that offer different qualities. St. Augustines perform well in soils with a wider pH range that’s between 5.0–8.5, but St. Augustines need soils with good drainage to thrive. Since zoysias grow with both methods, they usually rank higher in wear tolerance, injury recovery and drought tolerance. Quote Price of Grass Sod for Your Project, Why Choose Palmetto St. Augustine Grass Sod, Open a PDF Copy of Our Tipsheet for Download, https://houstonturfgrass.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Quality-Sets-Us-Apart-Houston-Grass-South-1.mp4, Click to download the Houston Grass Tip Sheet. Proper mowing height and frequency is crucial to the health and appearance of a Zoysia grass lawn. Zoysia grass vs. St. Augustine for heavy shade. The finer-bladed zoysias don’t tolerate wear as well and aren’t as fast at recovering compared to the wider-bladed zoysias. It is a very fine bladed zoysia with a deep, green color that is suitable for golf courses, commercial and residential lawns. Complete Program 9 Bottle Annual Fertilizer. St. Augustine also tends to have a higher salt tolerance than zoysias, so you will typically see more St. Augustines along the coasts or around areas high in salt content. The grass developed from this research proves effective, but needs a bit more fertilizing than Zoysia grass. Call 281-431-7441 for answers to your questions and a quick quote for your project. 419 Tifway (not such a pest to flower beds like common Bermuda) Celebration; St. Augustine: Sun, moderate shade. They are also more tolerant than St. Augustines of soils with poor drainage. No matter which type of turfgrass variety you choose for installation, every one of them is going to need some form of nutrition. This is done by removing lower branches not thinning out the canopy. Zoysia can tolerate light to moderate shade, depending on other factors like temperature and humidity. Wider-blade zoysia: Palisades (most drought tolerant) Empire; El Toro; Bermuda: Sun, traffic (kids & dogs), good drought tolerance. Moving onto the Saint Augustine varieties. During periods of drought, zoysias go off-color with their natural dormancy mechanism. Each variety of grass requires different mowing heights to perform and looks its best. There’s so much vegetation and it’s so dense. Drought Tolerant. CitraBlue St. Augustine is again an outlier in this particular category because CitraBlue’s drought tolerance is better than most St. Augustines. With more than two billion sq. St. Augustines, in comparison, will hold color better than zoysias and have a higher drought resistance, but when they start to turn brown from a lack of water, they’re dying—not preserving themselves with dormancy. Finer-bladed zoysias, … Zoysia does not handle shade as well as St. Augustine, so in a humid climate with shady areas, St. Augustine would be a better choice. With proper nutrients and weekly mowing, St. Augustine gives dense, medium-green lawn that is lovely to behold. Turf expert Clint Waltz says “Emerald zoysiagrass doesn’t grow really strong in limited light conditions (i.e. St. Augustine grass is coarse-textured with a very thick grass blade that rounds at the top and becomes more compacted towards the soil. Shade Tolerance. St. Augustine (Raleigh): Pros: Very shade tolerant, but still requires 3-4 hours of intermittent sunlight Dark Green and Drought Tolerant Salt Tolerance is the high Recuperates quickly from stresses and damage “Stays above the problem” with thick, heavy surface stolens Moderate fertilization – mow every 7 days A good “plugging” grass. Find the right grass for your location and needs. Overall, St. Augustine blades are flat and broad and can form a dense layer of grass with a coarse feel. Bermuda grass is second in popularity, and Zoysia (a fairly recent addition to Texas grasses) is gaining ground. Zoysia grass likes full sun and lots of rain. St. Augustines are considered “good” with wear tolerance and injury recovery, although the superior variety, CitraBlue, has a better wear tolerance than most other St. Augustine varieties. In comparison to drought tolerance, drought resistance is the ability to look good during drought. Both St. Augustine and zoysia require a certain amount of macro and micronutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron, manganese and sulfur. Under most other conditions, however, zoysia is the better option if you don’t mind your lawn going dormant during dry seasons. I think this is your problem. It grows vertically and is more dense. This is one of the most difficult features to compare because different varieties of zoysia have different colors. This is why zoysia grasses can be found in golf courses instead of St. Augustines—zoysias are generally more durable. Both Zoysia and St. Augustine grass offer a beautiful ground cover with reasonable maintenance needs. Spectracide Immunox Fungus + Insect Control. The fine-bladed Zoysia grasses are about as shade tolerant as the most shade tolerant St. Augustine grass we sell, which is Palmetto. This particular Sod University blog focuses on the generic differences between zoysia and St. Augustine grasses. Asked February 24, 2013, 10:22 AM EST. There are three main types of soil: sandy, clay and loamy soil. The same can be said with St. Augustine. Grow Your Best Lawn with Weekly Lawn Care Tips, Tricks and Advice, During COVID-19 Sod Solutions is Open and Shipping Products -. EMPIRE is another zoysia grass that demonstrates immunity to another common pest found in St. Augustines—the chinch bug. Zoysia is highly recommended for home lawns because of its low maintenance. The Palisade Zoysia seems to do real well with homeowners. I ordered a pallet of palisades zoysia for the back yard and 1.5 pallets of St Augustine for the front, and it all looks great and is establishing really nicely.The staff is very friendly and knowledgeable, and the videos and tips on the website are extremely helpful. They are usually better than zoysias at choking out weeds for this reason. If shade is your number one problem…which it sounds like it may be, you may want to go with a shade tolerant St. Augustine like Palmetto. It’s blades are medium sized not the fine variety that some Zoysia’s are. In addition, JaMur is considered a much-improved replacement for other Zoysia cultivars, including El Toro, Meyer, Palisades, Empire, & Crown. You need to dethatch it every … It should be known that St. Augustines are the most shade tolerant warm season turfgrass varieties available. St. Augustinegrass does not tolerate high traffic. It demonstrates superior shade, cold, frost, heat and drought tolerance. St. Augustinegrass varieties include Ameri-shade, Delmar, Floratam, Palmetto, Raleigh, Sap-phire and Seville. Avoid mowing at heights higher than recommended. JaMur needs less water and less fertilizer than other standard lawn grasses. If shade is a problem, prune lower branches on shade trees to allow more light to enter in the morning or afternoon. Zoysia will perform well in all three of these soils whereas St. Augustine performs best in loamy and sandy soils. Learning about the different types of turfgrass varieties available is a great idea before making a commitment to a type of grass. St. Augustines frequently experience brown patch and grey leaf spot. All these adaptive qualities taken together make St. Augustine an ideal choice for any homeowner, particularly those whose lawns have shaded areas that do not receive regular direct sunlight. Be sure to read each label thoroughly before application. All zoysia grass performs best in full sun, but it tolerates light to moderate shade, with some tolerating these conditions better than others. A stolon is an above-the-ground stem that creeps along the surface of the soil and subsequently grows a clone of the original plant on the end of it. I guess it also has, if you were comparing it to the St. Augustine, the Zoysias have some pretty decent shade tolerance. So of your two choices: It is established from sod. CitraBlue and Palmetto® St. Augustine are the best grasses for shade. I'm curious as to how well Zoysia grass (in sod form) will hold up in an area that is well shaded vs. St. Augustine sod. Zoysias have a thick, soft carpet with a stronger, medium-thick grass blade that produces a soft feel. Mowing. St. Augustine grass is the best choice for lawn grass in shade, but if too much shade is a problem, St. Augustine will struggle, thin and eventually fade away. In the Zoysia family, Emerald is the fine blade and Myers is the medium size blade. A rhizome runs underground horizontally—often just underneath the surface of the soil. It’s surprising that St Augustine is as popular as it is because it is actually not very drought hearty and it consumes quite a … Zoysia is one of the most shade-tolerant warm-season grasses, although tolerance does not mean preference. St. Augustines only spread through the above-the-ground runners, stolons. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. When it comes to zoysia varieties, zoysia is still pretty shade tolerant for a warm season grass, but their shade tolerance ranks second to that of St. Augustine’s. Zorro is rapidly replacing many St. Augustine and centipede lawns due to its great shade tolerance, durability, disease resistance and beauty. Palmetto St. Augustine is the most shade tolerant of the St Augustine varieties. Rhizomes strike new roots downward into the soil and also shoot stems upwards. JaMur Zoysia is a medium textured grass, similar in look to El Toro grass, but it’s a lot easier to manage. There are some superior varieties, like Innovation Zoysia, that are immune to the bluegrass billbug, however. Be sure to read each label thoroughly before application. Plus he said the grasses are similar looking and so mixing Zoysia with the existing St. Augustine will not look bad. Lastly, be sure to check out the LawnifiTM liquid fertilizer program—the perfect fertilizer program for both zoysia and St. Augustine. Believe me, Palisades Zoysia looks 100% better than St. Aug. There are also outliers like Palmetto, a semi-dwarf St. Augustine, which should be mowed at a height of 1.5–2.5 inches. Developed to over-take the St. Augustine market, Zoysia forms a dense turf that keeps weeds out and is relatively disease and insect free. For more general information on the seasonal maintenance required, check out our Zoysia Homeowner Maintenance Guide and St. Augustine Homeowner Maintenance Guide. Wider-bladed zoysias, like EMPIRE, usually have a blade width of 5–7 mm, whereas finer-bladed zoysias, like InnovationTM Zoysia and GeoTM Zoysia, have a blade width around 2 mm. While the nutritional needs for both grasses slightly vary, Lawnifi meets their main requirements. To learn more, check out our Lawn Mowing Guide. The most … For more information, read our Lawn Disease Control blog and our Identifying Common Lawn Diseases blog. St. Augustine blade widths vary as well. I think, when established, it looks like a neater, thicker, straighter St. Aug. My opinion. Be sure to take a look at a few related Sod University blogs on Collecting and Submitting a Soil Analysis and Why Use Lawnifi Fertilizer?. St. Augustine-grass is less drought tolerant than bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. Make no doubt about it Saint Augustine shade tolerance is superior to all Zoysia varieties and far more aggressive in growth rates. Learn about Bermuda grass, zoysia grass, st augustine grass, and centipede grass. Best Suited for Full-Sun or Shady Areas. Mowing heights matter because they usually dictate how frequently homeowners will need to mow. Aaron Kirk Google Review. It needs 100% sun all the time or it will thin out and be ugly. A slow-growing grass for full sun to partial shade, Zoysia grass is exotic looking with dark green, thick, and succulent foliage. I have EMPIRE zoysia out under a shade tree that gets probably 3 hours of direct sunlight per day. Take a look at some of our top recommended products for these lawn diseases. 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