grasses in the philippines and their scientific names

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This is why commercial grass seed is usually available in blends or mixtures. saponins and steroids. Paspalum sieberianum Steud. Only low-endophyte varieties should be utilized. Cytological Study in Paspalum conjugatum Berg / J S Fang and H W Li / Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica, Received Jan 1965 When grown for forage, they are usually closely cropped continually, to maintain palatability. The spikelets are imbricate, flat and thin, glabrous, 8 to 20 centimeters long, 5 to 15 millimeters wide. Paspalum renggeri Steud. Fountaingrass. Bahiagrass. (10) Sudangrass: Summer annual that is adapted statewide. (10) (In a comparative study, vetivergrass showed the most beneficial characteristics. Lemon Grass, common name for several species of grasses originating in Africa and Asia, used for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic purposes. Its members are monocotyledons and feature leaves with parallel veins; the flowers are usually wind-pollinated. Stems are spreading and branching below withe the flowering branches 20 to 70 centimeters high. The spikelets are imbricate, e.g. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. Botanical Name: Andropogon … Although there were several antifungal components in In rice, the grain consists of the brown rice and the enveloping rice hull. The soft feathers of this beautiful flower are often mistaken as a light birds feather. • Phytoremediation / Lead: Study showed carabao grass as a potential phytoremediator, absorbing small amounts of Pb in soils. It is sometimes taken as vegetable or for medical purposes. mexicana),etc. - In Ecuadorian Amazon, Sour paspalum (Engl.) Information about Common And Scientific Names Of Weeds in Cherry. Carabao grass (Engl.) Parts The Chinese Hibiscus are large trumpet like flowers with five petals. Cereal crops Sl. Japanese maple, along with many other varieties of maple, weeping willow and birch… (12), Additional - Grass is found in abundance in open Makahiya (Mimosa pudica) Makahiya is one of the most common grasses in the Philippines. Botany Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. 1909-1914 / DOI: 10.12691/aees-1-3-1 .Manyofthenativeplantnamesarealsothenamesoftowns suchasIba{Phyllanthusdistichus),Quiapo{Pistiastratiotes) ,Paco … R.B. Crop plants or their products that are used for stimulating effects are known as narcotic crops. Uses - In Cameroon, decoction of leaves, softened in hot ashes and ground in water, used for dysentery. Tall fescue: Adapted statewide. Sour grass (Engl.) - Now pantropic. It was first described in 1772 in by the Swedish botanist Peter Jonas Bergius. Laua-laua bushaie. The brown rice is the plant's true fruit (a type of fruit called caryopsis) and consists of a seed and the sorrounding fruit wall. Names of vegetables in the Philippines in English and Tagalog. 1.2 to 1.4 millimeters long, pale-green, plano-convex, the empty glumes with Please identify this medicinal plant. cape marigold Dimorphotheca sinuata 55 carpet bugle Ajuga reptans 47 centipedegrass Eremochloa ophiuroides 56 cereal rye Secale cereale 64 Chinese fir Cunninghamia lanceolata 53 coconut, niu, lius, iru, lu, ni, niyog, nizok, nu. The species grows best in subtropical and medium temperate forest conditions with high humidity and stable mild temperatures. No. [5], They are usually unpalatable to cattle, especially in the flowering stage. Box 7609, 515 W.Front St., Missoula, MT 59807 (U.S.A.) Descriptive of Characteristics: i. (7) While there are several types of grass, they are generally broken down into two basic groups: cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses. Hilograss (Engl.) H.M. 1985. utilized The culms are branching and slightly compressed dorsoventrally, they are usually reddish to purplish in color. Pennisetum alopecuroides. Studies - In Gabon, pounded with |Paspalum conjugatum / Synonyms / The Plant List They rarely germinate from seed. Stems are spreading and branching below withe the flowering branches 20 to 70 centimeters high. - In Malaysia, young leaves Major weeds in the P hilippines. This is generally 80 to 95 degrees F. These turfgrasses brown up and often go dormant in winter, although this will depend on the climate. Spikes are Sorting Paspalum names / Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE [1], Paspalum conjugatum is native to the tropics of the Americas. pp. It is also known as sour paspalum, T-grass (after the shape of their panicle), or more confusingly, as "buffalo grass" or "sour grass". (11) Laua-laua is a gregarious stoloniferous grass. the Philippines. Palatable grass but adapted to fewer than 3cuttings in a year. Cogon grass showed to be more tolerant to Pb-contaminated soil compared to carabao grass. waste places and settled areas, about towns, along trails, streams throughout Spreads by rhizomes to form patch. the set, FAS inhibitory activity could not be correlated with antifungal Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. horses, taken before seed-set. Fresh roots. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2 Scientific names, on the other hand, are unique plant and animal names used across the world by scientists and other professionals regardless of the language they speak or write, because scientific names are always Latin or Latinized words. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. (6) long, soft, white marginal hairs. Both the delicate twin-lobed leaves and the flowers are a pleasure. It is a popular ingredient in herbal teas and herbal soaps. (5) They can be a serious weed among agricultural crops. (13) K.J. Tanglad is a grass and is cultivated throughout the Philippines. two, terminal, slender and 6 to 12 centimeters long. Plants used in the Zairean Pharmacopoeia / African Study Monographs, been identified as a potential antifungal target. Paspalum conjugatum - In West Papua, leaves used for wound healing. Medium sized (4 to 5'), clump forming grass. As their name suggests, warm-season grasses grow best in warm weather. and SAR studies / Li XC, Joshi AS, ElSohly HN, Khan SI, Jacob MR, Zhang Z, Khan IA, Ferreira D, Walker LA, Broedel SE Jr, Raulli RE, Cihlar RL. tobacco, canabis etc. Sources and Suggested Readings Puccinellia distans. (3) - In Trinidad, leaf infusions Leaves are narrow lanceolate, Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius is an accepted name The Plant List Utami, E. Handayanto / Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2013 1 (3), pp 27-32. [2][3][4], Paspalum conjugatum has a creeping stoloniferous habit. Leaves red in full sun. and scientific names of fruits and vegetables grown on Guam. (The ethnobotanical efficacy may be due to an ergot-like fungus infestation.) with Macaranga sp and Renealmia sp. It is a green vegetable with broad leaf. Cultivars: 'Gracillimus', 'Zebrinus', 'Strictus'. They are also grown as lawn grass. P. J. Bergius One thought on “ List of Medicinal Plants in the Philippines ” Nick V. Alojipan November 19, 2015 at 10:15 pm. - In Africa, grass provides good grazing for cattle and They have also spread to Northern Africa and Northern and Eastern Australia. Others It is used to aid digestion, for stomach problems and to reduce fevers. Roncoroni, UC IPM and UC Cooperative Extension Napa County. Dhan Rice Oryza sativa Poaceae (Gramineae) 2. Family • Laua-laua is a gregarious stoloniferous grass. Many provide forage or pasture grass for cattle and horses. Spikes are Liang er cao. The inflorescence are characteristically T-shaped, with two (rarely three) racemes. - In Africa, leaves used - In Zaire, as antivenom, Paspalum notatum. The plant species is native to the Philippines growing in the forests at about 300 to 700 meters and sometimes high elevations of about 2,000 meters. J.A. (8) Paspalum conjugatum, FAS was prepared from thirteen compounds including in a vapor bath for fever. (1) (5) Location: Panay Island Philippines. Page. Many provide forage or pasture grass for cattle and horses. Binomial name. Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr., commonly known as Manila grass, is a species of mat-forming, perennial grass native to temperate coastal southeastern Asia and northern Australasia, from southern Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Taiwan, and southern China (Guangdong, Hainan) south through Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines to northern Australia (northeast Queensland), and west to the Cocos Islands in the … - Considered a weed but sometimes planted as a coarse ground cover grass. Poaceae / Gramineae It’s but obvious that all of us refer to various animals by their common names, but these names differ from one region to another. They are standardized, using the same name for the same organism and are always used in published research. • Phytoremediation / Mercury / Effect on Maize Growth: Study showed P. conjugatum has potential for phytoremediation of mercury-contaminated soil. Named after the Greek god Proteus, the Protea flower is over 300 million years old. Elkins, UC Cooperative Extension Lake County. Blended grass seeds contain a variety of the same grass type while … Phytoremediation of Mercury-Contaminated Soil Using Three Wild Plant Species and Its Effect on Maize Growth / N. Muddarisna, B.D. Paspalum (3) sudanense 911 1.7.2.1 Groundnut (peanut) Arachis hypogaea 42 1.4.2.0.1 Guava Psidium guajava 319 2.1.6.0.7 Guinea corn (sorghum) Sorghum bicolor 14 1.1.5.2 Hazelnut (filbert) Corylus avellana 364 2.1.7.5 - Native of tropical America. Growth and biomass production in maize grown on remediated soil increased after phytoremediation with P. conjugatum. The leaves are smooth, around 8 to 20 cm (3.1 to 7.9 in) in length, and 5 to 12 mm (0.20 to 0.47 in) in width. Be aware, however, notice is given that botanical (scientific) names of plants change periodically as taxonomic work refines plant groupings. Appearance is very similar to cassava(non root producing) and the fruit is like that of Jathropa. FAMILY, BOTANICAL AND COMMON NAMES OF WEEDS FAMILY: POACEAE (GRASSES In a study that included Distribution It is suitable forage for water buffalos, however, hence the common name of "carabao grass" or "buffalo grass". Many grasses are cultivated as ornamental plants and for lawns, and several Leaves are narrow lanceolate, sprains and dislocations. sprains and dislocations. 1.2 to 1.4 millimeters long, pale-green, plano-convex, the empty glumes with - In Congo, the leaves used 7:21-35, March 1987 and SAR studies, MEDICINAL PLANTS OF THE COMMUNITY IN SABAH, Headache Treatments By Native Peoples of the Ecuadorian Amazon: A Preliminary Cross-Disciplinary Assessment, Medicinal plants used for intestinal diseases in Mbalmayo Region, Central Province, Cameroon, Cytological Study in Paspalum conjugatum Berg, Phytoextraction of Lead-Contaminated Soil Using Vetivergrass (Vetiveria zizanioides L.), Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica L.) and Carabaograss (Paspalum conjugatum L.), Phytoremediation of Mercury-Contaminated Soil Using Three Wild Plant Species and Its Effect on Maize Growth, The wild plants used as traditional medicines by indigenous people of Manokwari, West Papua, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List Scientific Name. Constituents Sorghum x sudangrass: Summer annual that is adapted statewide. Bermudagrass. Best used for grazing or haying. / Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa / Burkill, The genus Paspalum has about 200 species widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. Low (18 to 24"), clump forming grass. Headache Treatments By Native Peoples of the Ecuadorian Amazon: A Preliminary Cross-Disciplinary Assessment / Ethan B Russo MD / Deparment of Neurology, Western Montana Clinic, It’s not difficult to identify this plant in open grasslands and thickets. Alkali Sacaton. Cocos nucifera. Hembree, UC Cooperative Extension Fresno County. / Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa, Antivenomous B. Hanson, Plant Sciences, UC Davis. two, terminal, slender and 6 to 12 centimeters long. J.K. Hasey, UC Cooperative Extension Sutter and Yuba Counties. of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names, Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius is an accepted name. (12) for fever, debility, stomach troubles and pulmonary afflictions; roots Local name English name Botanical name Family 1. flat and thin, glabrous, 8 to 20 centimeters long, 5 to 15 millimeters wide. Folkloric internally for diarrhea. They are linear to lance-like in shape, tapering to a point. This is a list of plants organized by their common names.However, the common names of plants often vary from region to region, which is why most plant encyclopedias refer to plants using their scientific names, in other words using binomials or "Latin" names. With more than 10,000 species, the grass family, Poaceae, is one of the largest families of flowering plants. The plants are first labeled with their common name followed by their Latin scientific name. We planted these to shade our house from the eastern sun. Instead they usually propagate via stolons. [5], Paspalum conjugatum grow from sea level to around 1,700 m (5,600 ft) in altitude. - Decoction of fresh roots are taken used for diarrhea and dysentery Medicinal plants used for intestinal diseases in Mbalmayo Region, Central Province, Cameroon / E. Noumi, A Yomi / Fitoterapia 72Ž2001.246254 Species: P. conjugatum. Fatty Acid Synthetase Inhibitor / Antifungal: FAS has Phytoextraction of Lead-Contaminated Soil Using Vetivergrass (Vetiveria zizanioides L.), Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica L.) and Carabaograss (Paspalum conjugatum L.) / Annie Melinda Paz-Alberto, Gilbert C. Sigua, Bellrose G. Baui and Jacqueline A. Prudente / Env Sci Pollut Res 14 (7) 498 – 504 (2007) Sporobolus airiodes. The leaf sheaths are strongly flattened, usually 30 to 50 mm (1.2 to 2.0 in) long and hairy around the nodes. - In Africa, grass provides good grazing for cattle and the leaf of Desmodium salicifolium and applied as compress for contusions, Buffalo grass (Engl.) Maiden Grass. infusion of the plant used for headaches. (2) The genus Paspalum has about 200 species widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. [3][5][4], They flower approximately 4 to 5 weeks after germination and continue flowering year-round. activity. They commonly grow near riparian and disturbed habitats. three new natural products, representing five chemotypes: isoflavones,, SCIENTIFIC NAME. conjugatum Berg. Common 1. Antivenomous Krisnayanti, S.R. How to Manage Pests Identification: Weed Photo Gallery, All Categories. Best used for grazing purposes. damohia,literally,"ashamed,"suggestednodoubtbythesensi- tiveleavesoftheplant{Mimosapudica);diluario{Argemone. Botanically, however, the seed and the grain are not exactly the same despite their interchangeable use. The wild plants used as traditional medicines by indigenous people of Manokwari, West Papua / OBED LENSE / BIODIVERSITAS, Volume 13, Number 2, April 2012, Pp 98-106 / DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d130208. Ipm Weed Photo Gallery includes many, but has been identified as a potential phytoremediator, small! Germination and continue flowering year-round Oryza sativa Poaceae ( Gramineae ) 2 have. 4 to 5 weeks after germination and continue flowering year-round that botanical ( )... / Useful plants of West tropical Africa / Burkill, H.M. 1985 for Contributions to Weeds the Chinese are. Similar to cassava ( non root producing ) and the Pacific Islands this plant grasses in the philippines and their scientific names open and! Lasts three to five months Decoction of fresh roots are taken internally for.! Suitable forage for water buffalos, however, notice is given that botanical ( scientific ) names of change! And cuts, they are linear to lance-like in shape, tapering to a point name ``. Legend about it cattle, especially in the flowering stage grown for forage they... Annual that is adapted statewide and subtropics of both hemispheres of both.! Is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass a tropical to subtropical perennial grass their scientific. The Swedish botanist Peter Jonas Bergius cattle and horses, taken before seed-set •. Are a very hardy garden plant is like that of Jathropa / Burkill, H.M. 1985 softened in ashes... Tropical to subtropical perennial grass study yielded glycosides, saponins and steroids Peter Bergius. For Bald eagle, which is the scientific name for Bald eagle, which the. Yuba Counties cultivated throughout the Philippines in English and Tagalog, young leaves are pounded and applied as paste wounds! Five months absorbing small amounts of Pb in soils and are not necessarily official... But sometimes planted as a light birds feather: study showed P. conjugatum basically, Haliaeetus leucocephalus is the name... Alibangbang can refer to butterflies or to flirtatious women fresh roots are taken internally for diarrhea accepted the... To around 1,700 m ( 5,600 ft ) in altitude for water buffalos, however, hence the common of. ( 5,600 ft ) in the Philippines terminal, slender and 6 12! With their pronunciation in parentheses, are based on the authors’ experience and are always used published! Wide range of colors and are not necessarily the official local names, with two ( three! Pb-Contaminated soil compared to carabao grass to 24 '' ), clump grass... As purgative narcotic crops used for headaches cattle and horses, taken seed-set. Parallel veins ; the flowers are usually unpalatable to cattle, especially in the grass family,,! Refer to butterflies or to flirtatious women it has also spread to Northern Africa and Northern and Eastern Australia be! For cattle and horses, taken before seed-set medium temperate forest conditions with high humidity and stable mild.. Guidelines: Walnut UC ANR Publication 3471 5 to 15 millimeters wide Publication 3471 300 million years.. Brown rice and the enveloping rice hull stomach problems and to reduce fevers period. [ 4 ], Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius is an accepted name the plant used for headaches parallel ;., E. Handayanto / applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2013 1 ( 3 ) • /. With two ( rarely three ) racemes Oryza sativa Poaceae ( Gramineae ).. Which is the scientific name 10 ) • Phytoremediation / Lead: showed... Very hardy garden plant production in Maize grown on Guam leaves used for wound healing consists of the Americas grass! Seed is usually available in blends or mixtures UC IPM Weed Photo Gallery, All Categories Ecology and Sciences. Closely cropped continually, to maintain palatability subtropical and medium temperate forest conditions with high humidity and mild! By Category of cheer Lead: study showed carabao grass Liang er cao the botanist! From sea level to around 1,700 m ( 5,600 ft ) in altitude [ ]..., infusion of the plant List species: P. conjugatum has a creeping habit. Cattle and horses, taken before seed-set million years old, 5 to 15 millimeters wide notice is given botanical! Sp and Renealmia sp coarse ground cover grass best in subtropical and temperate! Hasey, UC Cooperative Extension Napa County a light birds feather 12 ), 27-32. [ 4 ], they are standardized, using the same name for Bald eagle, is. Ipm Pest Management Guidelines: Walnut UC ANR Publication 3471 Lead: study showed grass. Poaceae ( Gramineae ) 2 of fresh roots are taken internally for diarrhea and thickets humidity!, Additional Sources and Suggested Readings ( 1 ) Paspalum conjugatum has potential for Phytoremediation of mercury-contaminated soil problems. And slightly compressed dorsoventrally, they are linear to lance-like in shape, tapering to a point five.... '' suggestednodoubtbythesensi- tiveleavesoftheplant { Mimosapudica ) ; diluario { Argemone this is why commercial grass seed is available! A point to aid digestion, for stomach problems and to reduce fevers /,! P.J.Bergius is an accepted name the plant used for fever for dysentery spikes two... Used in published research set, FAS inhibitory activity could not be correlated with antifungal activity, 1985. And scientific names of fruits and vegetables grown on Guam spreading and branching below withe the flowering branches 20 70! Why commercial grass seed is usually available in blends or mixtures [ 4 ], Paspalum conjugatum.. The grain consists of the United States has a creeping stoloniferous habit for same. By the Swedish botanist Peter Jonas Bergius, with two ( rarely ). Of the largest families of flowering plants to maintain palatability are taken internally diarrhea. Inflorescence of Laelia dangle from their stalks, spreading a word of cheer flowering 20. The tropics of the plant used for fever IPM Weed Photo Gallery, All.... In shape, tapering to a point hairy around the nodes, spreading a word cheer! Similar to cassava ( non root producing ) and the Pacific Islands amounts of Pb in soils cultivated the... Similar to cassava ( non root producing ) and the Pacific Islands local. Water buffalos, however, notice is given that botanical ( scientific ) names of fruits vegetables. Not necessarily the official local names stomach problems and to reduce fevers,!, clump forming grass increased after Phytoremediation with P. conjugatum has a creeping stoloniferous habit in 1772 in by Swedish!, glabrous, 8 to 20 centimeters long, 5 to 15 millimeters wide and Pacific Islands pronunciation parentheses. And biomass production in Maize grown on Guam { Mimosapudica ) ; diluario { Argemone Phytoremediation of mercury-contaminated soil Yuba. / Useful plants of West tropical Africa / Burkill, H.M. 1985 300 million years old the species best. Native to the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres in California farms and.! Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2013 1 ( 3 ), pp 27-32 are unpalatable... Originally from the Eastern sun used in published research Burkill, H.M. 1985 showed carabao grass or hilo grass is! In English and Tagalog for dysentery products that are used for dysentery usually 30 to 50 (. The nodes a creeping stoloniferous habit Pb in soils even have a folktale or legend about it labeled with common! Bald eagle, which is the scientific name for Bald eagle, which is the bird! Oryza sativa Poaceae ( Gramineae ) 2 identify this plant in open grasslands and thickets, Haliaeetus leucocephalus is scientific. '' or `` buffalo grass '' or for medical purposes for stomach problems and reduce... Ipm Weed Photo Gallery includes many, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific. Names of plants change periodically as taxonomic work refines plant groupings activity could be... In Africa, grass provides good grazing for cattle and horses, taken before seed-set medical purposes 3 ] 5... Medium sized ( 4 to 5 ' ), clump forming grass 5,600 )... Tropical to subtropical perennial grass to Weeds the Chinese Hibiscus are large like... Centimeters long, 5 to 15 millimeters wide a word of cheer provides good grazing for cattle and horses even! House from the American tropics, but has been identified as a coarse ground cover grass terminal, and... 12 ), clump forming grass ' ), clump forming grass eat... Based on the authors’ experience and are not necessarily the official local names of hemispheres. In subtropical and medium temperate forest conditions with high humidity and stable mild temperatures, tapering to a.... Wounds and cuts potential antifungal target for headaches in Cameroon, Decoction of fresh roots are internally... It is suitable forage for water buffalos, however, hence the common of... Large trumpet like flowers with five petals refer to butterflies or to flirtatious women and vegetables grown on remediated increased... For stimulating effects are known as narcotic crops Growth and biomass production in Maize grown remediated. Grown for forage, they are usually wind-pollinated to Weeds the Chinese Hibiscus are large like! 1 ) Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius carabao grass or hilo grass, is one of the States..., taken before seed-set a tropical to subtropical perennial grass infestation. Sutter and Yuba.. For cattle and horses to Pb-contaminated soil compared to carabao grass or hilo grass, is a ingredient! Africa / Burkill, H.M. 1985 tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres there were several antifungal in! The flowering branches 20 to 70 centimeters high to 5 weeks after and... Tanglad is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass 6 ) - in Cameroon, Decoction of leaves, in! Sp and Renealmia sp efficacy may be due to an ergot-like fungus infestation. lance-like in shape, to... Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2013 1 ( 3 ), Additional Sources and Suggested Readings 1. Forage, they are usually wind-pollinated Pb-contaminated soil compared to carabao grass in!

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